A digital counterpart of a patient's paper chart is called an electronic health record (EHR). EHRs are patient-centered, real-time records that make information available to authorized users promptly and securely.
While an EHR system contains a patient's medical and treatment history, it is designed to go beyond the conventional clinical data obtained in a provider's office and include a broader view of a patient's care.
EHRs are important components of health IT because they may store information such as a patient's medical history, diagnosis, prescriptions, treatment plans, immunization dates, allergies, radiological pictures, and laboratory and test results.
It can also give physicians access to evidence-based tools for making decisions regarding a patient's treatment and automate and expedite provider workflows.
The advantages of electronic health records are numerous. Not only do EHRs allow remote access to a physician's chart much easier and more widespread, but they can also alert them to potentially harmful drug errors far sooner.
An EHR, which allows numerous healthcare providers to share information, also helps physicians swiftly learn about key lab values. This type of information sharing results in knowledge, which is a step toward improving a patient's long-term health outcome. 78 percent of physicians who use an EHR system say it has improved their patients' overall treatment.
Following are the EHR systems that are most commonly used by medical professionals globally. EHRs can be divided into three distinct categories; Physician hosted, remotely hosted, and remote systems.
Physician-hosted systems imply that all data is stored on physicians’ servers. This means that a physician is responsible for procuring hardware and software and maintaining and protecting the data kept on their servers.
Data storage is moved from the physician to a third party with remote-hosted systems. This organization is responsible for maintenance, data backup, and security. This system delegates data maintenance to someone other than a single physician or medical practitioner.
A cloud, or internet-based computing system, is one of the most common EHR remote solutions. A physician does not need to store data on their servers; instead, it is stored "in the cloud" by a provider. This means that the data is always stored securely on the internet and accessible via the vendor's website.
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